Burden of Care and Social Behaviour Problem in Patients with Schizophrenia
Zahiruddin Othman, Mohd Razali Salleh
Objective: To assess the relationship between levels of burden on primary caregivers and social behaviour problem of patients with schizophrenia. Design: Cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: The study involved forty five patients attending Psychiatry Clinic. The level of burden on primary caregivers was assessed using Burden on Family Interview Schedule (BFS) and the social behaviour problem of patients with schizophrenia was assessed using Social Behaviour Schedule (SBS). Results: Employment status and monthly household income of primary caregivers were significantly correlated with amount of burden. Caregivers experienced enormous amount of both subjective and objective burden. Financial burden was the greatest objective burden affecting at least one third of the caregivers. Amount of burden experienced by primary caregivers was significantly correlated with social behaviour problem of patients particularly hostility, over activity, restlessness, and destructive behaviour. Conclusion: The levels of burden on caregivers are high with employment status and monthly household income of caregivers are predictive of higher levels of burden.