Why it is important to build robots capable of doing science
Răzvan Valentin Florian
Full text: http://www.coneural.org/florian/papers/robotic_science_02.php
Science, like any other cognitive activity, is grounded in the sensorimotor interaction of our bodies with the environment. Human embodiment thus constrains the class of scientific concepts and theories which are accessible to us. The paper explores the possibility of doing science with artificial cognitive agents, in the framework of an interactivist-constructivist cognitive model of science. Intelligent robots, by virtue of having different sensorimotor capabilities, may overcome the fundamental limitations of human science and provide important technological innovations. Mathematics and nanophysics are prime candidates for being studied by artificial scientists.
An interesting related paper by leading mathematician David Ruelle: http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4678