Screening of Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
Amer Shafie Abdelrahman, Zohair Jamil Gazzaz, Mohamad Nidal Khabaz, Marwan A Bakarman, AbdElaziz Yaseen, Nadeem Shafique Butt, Mohammed Alhabib, Abdulrahman Majnuni, Arif Abdulmohsen Almousa, Mohammad Alkayal, Ahmad Azam Malik
INTRODUCTION: Identifying people with an increasing risk of diabetes provides a chance to change some factors before the occurrence of serious sequelae and permits the expectation of diabetes tendencies and the necessitated means to manage emerging diabetes. This current research aimed to screen students versus employees in Rabigh campus, King Abdulaziz University for the incidence of prediabetes and diabetes mellitus Type 2.METHODS: A sample of 279 was proportionally taken from student and employee study groups. Structured Modified Diabetic Risk Test (MDRT) questionnaire was adapted to be filled by each participant. Impaired glucose tolerance, body mass index, waist circumference and blood pressure of all participants were quantified. This study was done from January 2017 to March 2017.RESULTS: Higher pre-diabetic and diabetic risks were observed in employee as compared to students (ORPre-Dia=4.07 with 95% CI =1.518-10.95; ORDia=2.913 with 95% CI 0.815-10.41). Waist circumference and body mass index of students showed significant association with glucose level with p values 0.003 and 0.002 respectively.CONCLUSION: There are an alarming number of individuals with the risk of being affected by diabetes in both students and employees among this study population. These findings emphasize on the need for a primary healthcare clinic role in the screening, management, follow up and promoting community awareness of Diabetes Mellitus.